Decay rate of the excited surface electron states on liquid helium

Автор(и)

  • Yu.P. Monarkha Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 47 Lenin Ave., Kharkov 61103, Ukraine
  • S.S. Sokolov Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 47 Lenin Ave., Kharkov 61103, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2364492

Ключові слова:

decay rate, two-ripplon processes, surface electron states.

Анотація

The low temperature bound of the decay rate of the excited surface electron states on liquid helium is theoretically studied. It is shown that the lifetime and dephasing time of the surface electron states are strongly limited by spontaneous emission of couples of short-wavelength capillary wave quanta (ripplons). These two-ripplon scattering processes are of the second order in the nonlinear interaction Hamiltonian. In contrast to the usual one-ripplon scattering contribution, the decay rate found here cannot be substantially reduced neither by lowering temperature nor by external magnetic field, which is important for recently discussed implementation of quantum bits in such a system.

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Опубліковано

2006-09-01

Як цитувати

(1)
Monarkha, Y.; Sokolov, S. Decay Rate of the Excited Surface Electron States on Liquid Helium. ФНТ 2006, 32, 1278-1281.

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