Low Temperature Physics: 43, 56 (2017); https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4974186
Физика Низких Температур: Том 43, Выпуск 1 (Январь 2017), c. 68-80    ( к оглавлению , назад )

Electronic and magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe

V.N. Antonov

Institute for Metal Physics, 36 Vernadsky Str., 03142 Kiev, Ukraine
E-mail: antonov@imp.kiev.ua

Received June 7, 2016


The electronic structure and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectra of the ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe at the U N4,5, Ge and Co K and Co L2,3 edges were investigated theoretically from first principles, using the fully relativistic Dirac linear muffin-tin orbital band structure method. The electronic structure is obtained with the local spin-density approximation (LSDA), as well as with a generalization of the LSDA+U method which takes into account the non-diagonal occupation matrix (in spin indexes) of localized electrons. A stable ferromagnetic ground state was found. The uranium total magnetic moment is quite small (about –0.171μB) in the LSDA approximation as a result of almost complete cancellation between the spin magnetic moment of 0.657 μB and the opposite orbital magnetic moment of –0.828 μB, resulting from strong spin-orbit coupling at the uranium site. Valency of U ion in UCoGe is close to 3+. The ratio orbital and spin magnetic moments Ml/Ms ranged from 1.163 in the GGA approach up to 2.456 for the LSDA+U calculations is smaller than the corresponding ratio for the free ion U3+ value (2.60), it can indicate a significant delocalization of the 5f-electron states due to the hybridization of the U 5f electrons with the conduction band and Co 3d electrons. The line shape of the dichroic spectra at the U M5 and M4 edges predicted by considering the magneto-optical selection rules as well as the occupation and the energy sequence of the mj-projected partial densities of states. The theoretically calculated XMCD spectra at the U M4,5, Ge and Co K and Co L2,3 edges are in good agreement with the experimentally measured spectra.

PACS: 71.28.+d Narrow-band systems; intermediate-valence solids;
PACS: 75.30.Mb Valence fluctuation, Kondo lattice, and heavy-fermion phenomena.

Key words: heavy fermion, x-ray magnetic circular dichnoism spectra.

Published online: November 25, 2016