Физика Низких Температур: Том 47, Выпуск 10 (Октябрь 2021), c. 907-916 ( к оглавлению , назад )
Spontaneous decay of artificial atoms in a multi-qubit system
Ya. S. Greenberg, A. A. Shtygashev, and A. G. Moiseev
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk 630073, Russia
Received April 5, 2021, published online August 26, 2021
We consider a one-dimensional chain of N equidistantly spaced noninteracting qubits embedded in an open waveguide. In the frame of single-excitation subspace, we systematically study the evolution of qubits’ amplitudes if the only qubit in the chain was initially excited. We show that the temporal dynamics of qubits’ amplitudes crucially depend on the value of kd, where k is the wave vector, d is a distance between neighbor qubits. If kd is equal to an integer multiple of π, then the qubits are excited to a stationary level which scales as N −1. We show that in this case, it is the dark states which prevent qubits from decaying to zero even though they do not contribute to the output spectrum of photon emission. For other values of kd the excitations of qubits have the form of damping oscillations, which represent the vacuum Rabi oscillations in a multi-qubit system. In this case, the output spectrum of photon radiation is defined by a subradiant state with the smallest width.
Key words: multi-qubit system, qubits’ amplitudes, photon emission.