Физика Низких Температур: Том 47, Выпуск 10 (Октябрь 2021), c. 895-902 ( к оглавлению , назад )
Time evolution of spin singlet in static homogeneous exchange and magnetic fields
S.V. Kuplevakhsky and S. V. Bengus
B.Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKharkiv 61103, Ukraine
Received December 29, 2020, revised March 15, 2021, published online August 26, 2021
Within the framework of an idealized theoretical model, we study the effect of external static homogeneous exchange and magnetic field on the spin part of the singlet wave function of two electrons. We begin by revising the traditional (textbook) approach to the spin singlet. Basing our own approach solely on the property of invariance under rotations of the coordinate system and using the theory of spinor invariants, we derive a generalized representation of the spin singlet whose main feature is that the spins are in mutually time-reversed states. We show that exactly this feature predetermines the actual form of the Hamiltonian of interaction with the external field and stipulates time evolution of the singlet. Some applications of these results to the theory of superconductivity and spin chemistry are presented. In particular, it is shown that the case of ferromagnetic superconductors constitutes a good illustration of the validity of our quantum-mechanical consideration.
Key words: spin singlet, time reversal, evolution, exchange and magnetic fields.