Физика Низких Температур: Том 46, Выпуск 9 (Сентябрь 2020), c. 1078-1087 ( к оглавлению , назад )
Excitation of the collective states of qubits in a three-qubit system
Ya. S. Greenberg and A. A. Shtygashev
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk 630073, Russia
Received January 16, 2020, published online July 22, 2020
In the present paper, we have proposed the experimentally achievable method for the characterization of the collective states of qubits in a linear chain. We study a temporal dynamics of absorption of a single-photon pulse by three interacting qubits embedded in a one-dimensional open waveguide. Numerical simulations were performed for a Gaussian-shaped pulse with different frequency detunings and interaction parameters between qubits. The dynamic behavior of the excitation probability for each qubit is investigated. It was shown that the maximum probability amplitudes of excitation of qubits are reached when the frequency of external excitation coincides with the frequency of excitation of the corresponding eigenstate of the system. In this case, the magnitude of the probability amplitude of each qubit in the chain unambiguously correlates with the contribution of this qubit to the corresponding collective state of the system, and the decay of these amplitudes is determined by the resonance width arising from the interaction of the qubit with the photon field of the waveguide. Therefore, we show that the pulsed harmonic probe can be used for the characterization of the energies, widths, and the wave functions of the collective states in a one dimensional qubit chain.
Key words: qubit, microwave photon, collective state, pulse excitations.